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Acad Med. 1994 Dec;69(12):947-53.

Three exemplary models of case-based teaching.

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Department of Medical Education, University of Washington School of Medicine, Seattle.


Teaching in response to case presentations is an essential feature of clinical teaching in medicine. Yet, this form of case-based teaching is often done poorly. Using qualitative methods of interviews, observations, and recordings of teaching rounds, the author describes three different yet exemplary pedagogical strategies for organizing teaching rounds in general internal medicine. These include: (1) case-bedside teaching that involves case discussion in a conference room followed by demonstrations at the bedside, (2) case-lecture teaching that blends quick reviews of cases with more formal presentations on relevant topics, and (3) case-iterative teaching that involves discovery-learning using complex cases. From these three case studies, five general principles of experiential learning in clinical settings are derived: anchoring instruction in cases, actively involving learners, modeling professional thinking and action, providing direction and feedback, and creating a collaborative learning environment. These three approaches to teaching rounds overcome common problems associated with learning in clinical settings.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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