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Lasers Surg Med. 1994;15(1):11-8.

Retinal and choroidal vessel closure using phthalocyanine photodynamic therapy.

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Department of Ophthalmology, Tufts University School of Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts 02111.


Chloro-aluminum sulfonated phthalocyanine (CASPc) is a photoactive dye capable of generating photochemical reactions when excited with 675 nm light. We used CASPc to produce photochemical closure of retinal medullary ray vessels and choroidal vessels in normal rabbits. Irradiation prior to CASPc injection produced no photographic, angiographic, or histologic lesions in any eyes. Identical irradiation of medullary ray and choroidal vessels after CASPc injection produced complete vessel closure in all eyes. Histopathologic examination showed marked thrombosis of medullary ray and choroidal vessels, with minimal damage to contiguous tissues including the neurosensory retina. We conclude that CASPc can produce profound closure of normal retinal and choroidal vessels with minimal deleterious effect on surrounding tissues.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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