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J Infect Dis. 1994 Dec;170(6):1606-9.

Characteristics of antibiotic-resistant Escherichia coli O157:H7 in Washington State, 1984-1991.

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Department of Pediatrics, School of Public Health and Community Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle.


The resistance of Escherichia coli O157:H7 to amoxicillin/clavulanic acid, ampicillin, ceftazidime, ceftriaxone, cefuroxime, cephalothin, chloramphenicol, ciprofloxacin, gentamicin, streptomycin, sulfisoxazole, tetracycline, ticarcillin, tobramycin, and trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole was examined, and resistant strains were characterized. All 56 isolates collected between 1984 and 1987 were susceptible to all antibiotics tested; 13 (7.4%) of 176 strains isolated between 1989 and 1991 were resistant to streptomycin, sulfisoxazole, and tetracycline. lambda-restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis suggested that the 13 resistant strains belonged to nine different clones. The emerging resistance of E. coli O157:H7 to antibiotics could portend an increased prevalence of this pathogen in food animals that receive antibiotics. Antimicrobial resistance of E. coli O157:H7 could be useful as a rapid epidemiologic marker and as a way to select this pathogen from suspected vehicles of transmission, but this resistance could also complicate therapeutic trials with sulfa-containing antibiotics.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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