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J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1994 Dec;79(6):1595-9.

Continuous therapy with pamidronate, a potent bisphosphonate, in postmenopausal osteoporosis.

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1
Department of Medicine, University of Auckland, New Zealand.

Abstract

There is a need for effective and acceptable therapies for postmenopausal osteoporosis. The bisphosphonates show promise in this role, but the effects of the potent bisphosphonates in established osteoporosis have not yet been reported. We performed a 2-yr, randomized, double blind, placebo-controlled trial of pamidronate (150 mg/day) in 48 postmenopausal osteoporotic women. Bone mineral density of the total body, lumbar spine, and proximal femur was measured every 6 months by dual energy x-ray absorptiometry. Bone mineral density increased progressively in the total body (1.9 +/- 0.7%; P < 0.01), lumbar spine (7.0 +/- 1.0%; P < 0.0001), and femoral trochanter (5.4 +/- 1.3%; P < 0.001) in subjects receiving pamidronate, but did not change significantly in those receiving placebo. There were significant decreases in bone density at both the femoral neck (P < 0.02) and Ward's triangle (P < 0.01) in subjects taking placebo, which did not occur in the pamidronate group. The differences between the treatment groups were significant at all sites (0.0001 < P < 0.05) except Ward's triangle. Vertebral fracture rates were 13/100 patient yr in the pamidronate group and 24/100 patient yr in those receiving placebo (P = 0.07), and there was a nonsignificant trend toward height loss being less in those receiving pamidronate (P = 0.16). It is concluded that pamidronate is an effective therapy in postmenopausal osteoporosis.

PMID:
7989461
DOI:
10.1210/jcem.79.6.7989461
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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