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J Appl Bacteriol. 1994 Sep;77(3):271-80.

Inter-strain relationships among wine leuconostocs and their divergence from other Leuconostoc species, as revealed by low frequency restriction fragment analysis of genomic DNA.

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Instituto de Tecnologia Química e Biológica, Oeiras, Portugal.


Thirty Leuconostoc oenos strains, representing 28 different isolates, were distributed into 20 genomic groups according to PFGE patterns of restriction digests. The 8 bp-specific enzymes Sfi I, Not I and Asc I cleaved the Leuc. oenos DNA in a mean of 17, 11 and four fragments respectively and Sma I produced more than 50 fragments per genome. The strain differentiating capacity of the four enzymes was similar; only two related genomic groups failed to be distinguished by Asc I or Not I. Genomic relationships between Leuc. oenos strains were quantified by numerical analysis of Not I and Sfi I banding patterns. More than half of the strains, including the starters ML34 and PSU-1, formed a major cluster. The average size of the Leuc. oenos genome was estimated as 1.86 Mb. Although similar values were obtained for the genomes of Leuc. mesenteroides, Leuc. pseudomesenteroides, Leuc. gelidum and Leuc. citreum, a significant divergence between wine and non-wine species was inferred from comparisons of genome cleavage frequencies, determined with five different enzymes.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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