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Int J Cancer. 1994 Dec 15;59(6):837-42.

Cellular immune response to human renal-cell carcinomas: definition of a common antigen recognized by HLA-A2-restricted cytotoxic T-lymphocyte (CTL) clones.

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Medizinische Klinik und Poliklinik, Johannes Gutenberg-Universität, Mainz, Germany.


Cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL) clones directed against autologous renal-cell carcinoma (RCC) cell lines were generated by mixed lymphocyte/tumor-cell culture (MLTC) using peripheral blood lymphocytes (PBL). A CD8+, CD4- CTL clone MZ1257-CTL 5/30 with high cytolytic activity for the autologous tumor cell line MZ1257-RCC was established. No lysis of the autologous EBV-transformed B lymphocytes (EBV-B) or K562 cells was observed. A panel of HLA-A2-matched allogeneic RCC lines was recognized by CTL 5/30. Further specificity analysis showed a cross-reactivity with HLA-A2-matched allogeneic tumor cells of various origins, especially melanoma. CTL 5/30 was also cross-reactive with several HLA-A2-positive allogeneic normal kidney cells in culture. The restriction element identified for CTL 5/30 was HLA-A2, as shown by blocking of cytotoxicity using an anti-HLA-A2 monoclonal antibody (MAb) and by resistance of an HLA-A2-negative melanoma variant SK29-MEL. 1.22 against lysis by CTL 5/30. In this report we demonstrate HLA-A2-restricted recognition of a T-cell-defined antigen on autologous renal-cancer cells. This antigen is also expressed and recognized in association with HLA-A2 on normal kidney cells in culture and other HLA-A2-positive tumor cells. It may therefore be a normal differentiation antigen to which tolerance is incomplete in the renal-cell cancer system investigated.

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