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FEBS Lett. 1994 Dec 12;356(1):114-6.

Unphosphorylated and tyrosine-phosphorylated forms of a focal adhesion protein, paxillin, are substrates for calpain II in vitro: implications for the possible involvement of calpain II in mitosis-specific degradation of paxillin.

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Department of Biological Responses, Kyoto University, Japan.


Cell-to-substratum adhesion becomes weakened during mitosis of the cell cycle in fibroblasts. The level of one focal adhesion protein, paxillin, is greatly reduced in mitotic-arrested cells. We show here the possible involvement of calpain II, known to be localized in focal adhesion plaques, in the degradation of paxillin. Paxillin is tyrosine-phosphorylated during interphase of the cell cycle by protein tyrosine kinases (PTK) such as c-Src and Csk, and becomes dephosphorylated during mitosis. Our data, however, indicate that tyrosine phosphorylation of paxillin does not affect the rate of paxillin degradation by calpain in vitro.

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