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Int J Sport Nutr. 1994 Sep;4(3):253-64.

alpha-Tocopherol supplementation in racing cyclists during extreme endurance training.

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Institute of Forensic Medicine, University Hospital, Freiburg, Germany.


This study was undertaken to evaluate the effects of 5 months of alpha-tocopherol supplementation on physical performance during aerobic exercise training in 30 top-class cyclists. Antioxidative effects of supplementation were also studied. Plasma alpha-tocopherol concentration increased significantly in the vitamin E-supplemented group, whereas the placebo group showed a trend toward decrease. Physical performance did not improve in the alpha-tocopherol-supplemented group compared to the placebo group. Heart rates were also not significantly different. Lactate concentrations at the aerobic threshold and the anaerobic threshold were identical. Thus, there was no performance improvement in the alpha-tocopherol-supplemented group. However there was a significant reduction in CK in serum of the E-supplemented group. A trend toward decrease in GOT, GPT, and LDH was observed with alpha-tocopherol supplementation. Moreover, significantly reduced malondialdehyde serum levels were measured in the E-supplemented group. The findings indicate a protective effect of alpha-tocopherol supplementation against oxidative stress induced by strenuous exercise.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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