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Biochem Pharmacol. 1994 Nov 16;48(10):1986-8.

Kinetic analysis of the interaction between the diphosphate of (S)-1-(3-hydroxy-2-phosphonylmethoxypropyl)cytosine, ddCTP, AZTTP, and FIAUTP with human DNA polymerases beta and gamma.

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1
Gilead Sciences, Inc., Foster City, CA 94404.

Abstract

The inhibitory effects of the diphosphate of (S)-1-(3-hydroxy-2-phosphonylmethoxy-propyl)cytosine (HPMPCpp) toward human DNA polymerases beta and gamma were studied. The Ki values of HPMPCpp were compared with the Ki values of the triphosphates of 3'-azidothymidine (AZTTP), 2',3'-dideoxycytidine (ddCTP) and 5-iodo-2'-fluoroarabinosyluridine (FIAUTP). The Ki values toward DNA polymerase beta in increasing order were 1.32, 1.43, 140, and 520 microM for ddCTP, FIAUTP, AZTTP and HPMPCpp, respectively. The Ki values toward DNA polymerase gamma in increasing order were 0.034, 0.031, 18.3 and 299 microM for ddCTP, FIAUTP, AZTTP and HPMPCpp, respectively. Therefore, HPMPC would be expected to have less inhibitory effects on DNA repair (DNA polymerase beta) and mitochondrial DNA synthesis (DNA polymerase gamma) than ddC, FIAU or AZT.

PMID:
7986213
DOI:
10.1016/0006-2952(94)90600-9
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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