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Scand J Infect Dis. 1994;26(4):446-52.

Clinical outcome of acute otitis media caused by pneumococci with decreased susceptibility to penicillin.

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Hôpital Bichat-Claude-Bernard, Paris, France.


Raw data from 4 clinical studies involving pre-inclusion paracentesis were pooled to assess demographic characteristics and clinical outcome of acute otitis media (AOM) due to S. pneumoniae with decreased susceptibility to penicillin (SpRP). Children in the age range 3 months to 10 years were treated with beta-lactam antibiotics for 10 days. 54 children with SpRP AOM were compared with 182 children with penicillin-susceptible pneumococcal (SpSP) (AOM). The groups were found comparable with regard to sex, age at first AOM, and frequency of earlier bouts of AOM. SpRP AOM was significantly more frequent before age 18 months (40/54 versus 85/166 in the SpSP group; p = 0.003) and associated with more clinical failure on days 4-10 (10/54 versus 14/166; p = 0.03). These results suggest that the antibiotic treatment used to treat AOM in children under 18 months should be reconsidered in areas with a high incidence of SpRP.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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