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Mol Microbiol. 1994 Jul;13(2):349-55.

Analysis of five tylosin biosynthetic genes from the tyllBA region of the Streptomyces fradiae genome.

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Department of Biochemistry, University of Leicester, UK.


The tyllBA region of the tylosin biosynthetic gene cluster of Streptomyces fradiae contains at least five open reading frames (ORFs). ORF1 (tylI) encodes a cytochrome P450 and mutations in this gene affect macrolide ring hydroxylation. The product of ORF2 (tylB) belongs to a widespread family of proteins whose functions are speculative, although tylB mutants are defective in the biosynthesis or addition of mycaminose during tylosin production. ORFs 3 and 4 (tylA1 and tylA2) encode delta TDP-glucose synthase and delta TDP-glucose dehydratase, respectively, enzymes responsible for the first two steps common to the biosynthesis of all three deoxyhexose sugars of tylosin via the common intermediate, delta TDP-4-keto, 6-deoxyglucose. ORF5 encodes a thioesterase similar to one encoded in the erythromycin gene cluster of Saccharopolyspora erythraea.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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