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Magn Reson Med. 1994 Sep;32(3):335-41.

Assessment of relative brain iron concentrations using T2-weighted and T2*-weighted MRI at 3 Tesla.

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Department of Neurology, Henry Ford Hospital & Health Sciences Center, Detroit, Michigan.


In this paper a new method is presented for the relative assessment of brain iron concentrations based on the evaluation of T2 and T2*-weighted images. A multiecho sequence is employed for rapid measurement of T2 and T2*, enabling calculation of the line broadening effect (T2'). Several groups have failed to show a correlation between T2 and brain iron content. However, quantification of T2', and the associated relaxation rate R2', may provide a more specific relative measure of brain iron concentration. This may find application in the study of brain diseases, which cause associated changes in brain iron levels. A new method of field inhomogeneity correction is presented that allows the separation of global and local field inhomogeneities, leading to more accurate T2* measurements and hence, T2' values. The combination of T2*, and T2-weighted MRI methods enables the differentiation of Parkinson's disease patients from normal age-matched controls based on differences in iron content within the substantia nigra.

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