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Biochim Biophys Acta. 1994 Nov 10;1224(2):161-7.

Deoxycytidine kinase is phosphorylated in vitro by protein kinase C alpha.

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Comprehensive Cancer Center of Wake Forest University, Bowman Gray School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, NC 27157.


Deoxycytidine (dCyd) kinase was effectively phosphorylated by protein kinase C. The reaction was rapid, occurring at 4 degrees C as well as at 37 degrees C and approximately 0.7 mol of phosphate could be incorporated per mol of deoxycytidine kinase. Phosphoserine was the primary amino acid to be phosphorylated. Phosphorylation of deoxycytidine kinase resulted in a 100% increase in the Vmax using dCyd as a substrate (52.16 +/- 1.3 versus 104.47 +/- 11.4 nmol/min/mg protein), and an increase in the apparent Km (2.0 +/- 0.2 microM versus 6.9 +/- 1.2 microM). The inactive antimetabolite, ara-C, is activated within a cell by deoxycytidine kinase phosphorylation of the prodrug. Recent studies have shown that ara-C activates protein kinase C in vivo [1]. Furthermore, ara-C has been shown to be metabolized to ara-CDP-choline via reversal of the cholinephosphotransferase [2] producing diglyceride, a cellular activator of protein kinase C. Thus, in situ, deoxycytidine kinase may be phosphorylated by protein kinase C with the result that self-potentiation of ara-C toxicity may occur via increased activity of deoxycytidine kinase.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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