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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 1994 Oct 28;204(2):565-71.

Regulation of osteoclastic acid secretion by cGMP-dependent protein kinase.

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Department of Pathology, University of Alabama at Birmingham 35294.


Nitric oxide (NO) down-regulates osteoclastic activity. The mechanism is unknown, although, in some cells NO acts by stimulating guanylate cyclase which activates cGMP-dependent proteins. We demonstrated cGMP-dependent protein kinase in osteoclasts by immunofluorescence microscopy. Specificity was confirmed by Western blot analysis showing a single 78 kDa band, the size of the Type I isoform, in isolated avian osteoclasts. Osteoclast function centers on HCl secretion at a specialized membrane organelle. We found that purified cGMP-dependent protein kinase inhibits ATP-dependent acid transport in reconstituted osteoclast membrane vesicles >90%, while cAMP-dependent kinase catalytic subunit, calmodulin kinase II, or cGMP alone were ineffective. This novel, direct modulation of acid transport by cGMP-dependent kinase and the occurrence of the enzyme in osteoclasts suggest that a mechanism of NO-regulation of bone turnover is via cGMP and cGMP-dependent protein kinase inhibition of HCl transport.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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