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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 1994 Oct 28;204(2):544-50.

Selective nuclear transport of mu-calpain.

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Department of Pharmacology and Therapeutics, Medical College of Ohio, Toledo 43699-0008.


To study nuclear transport of purified calpains in an in vitro system, A431 cells were permeabilized with digitonin, and fluorescein-labeled calpains were introduced under conditions known to facilitate energy-dependent nuclear transport of proteins. Fluorescein-mu-calpain was transported into nuclei in an ATP-dependent fashion. The calpain-specific inhibitor protein, calpastatin, could not block mu-calpain translocation. Fluorescein-calpastatin and fluorescein-m-calpain were poorly transported at best. In the presence of rat liver cytosolic factors, accumulation of nuclear mu-calpain was maximum at approximately 1 microM Ca2+, and no transport was observed at 0.3 microM Ca2+. Rat erythrocyte and HeLa cell extracts supported transport in the absence of Ca2+.

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