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Arch Dermatol Res. 1994;286(6):331-6.

Effect of dietary omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acid sources on PUVA-induced cutaneous toxicity and tumorigenesis in the hairless mouse.

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Department of Dermatology, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX.


Because of concern about psoralen-induced phototoxicity and photocarcinogenesis, we investigated the effects of dietary lipids in a mouse model in which 8-methoxypsoralen (8-MOP) and UVA (PUVA) therapy has been shown to be carcinogenic. SKH-Hr-1 hairless albino mice were fed diets containing either omega-3 or omega-6 fatty-acid sources (menhaden oil and corn oil, respectively). After 2 weeks on the diets, the mice were treated topically with 8-MOP and then exposed to UVA (5 J/cm2). Mice receiving the omega-3 fatty-acid source exhibited a marked decrease in inflammatory response and a more rapid repair, as expressed both grossly and microscopically. In support of the latter response, i.e. repair, ornithine decarboxylase activity was about 20% greater in animals receiving the omega-3 fatty-acid source. The effects of the dietary fatty acid sources on PUVA tumorigenesis were examined in long-term studies in which animals were treated topically with 0.01% 8-MOP thrice weekly after which they were exposed to UVA (1 J/cm2). These studies indicated that a dietary lipid rich in omega-3 fatty acid and known to exhibit anti-inflammatory properties can markedly ameliorate the course of PUVA toxicity but does not impede the course of PUVA tumorigenesis.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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