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Am J Physiol. 1994 Nov;267(5 Pt 1):L551-6.

Exoproduct secretions of Pseudomonas aeruginosa strains influence severity of alveolar epithelial injury.

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Department of Anesthesia, University of California at San Francisco 94143-0130.


To determine whether exoenzyme S plays a role in alveolar epithelial injury, two parental strains of Pseudomonas aeruginosa, PAK and PA103, were tested that produced large quantities of exoenzyme S. Strains PAK and PA103 differ in the form of exoenzyme S they produce. Strain PAK produces a 53-kDa protein that does not possess ADP-ribosyltransferase activity and large quantities of a 49-kDa protein that expresses ADP-ribosyltransferase activity. Strain PA103 produces the 53-kDa protein and low amounts of exoenzyme S activity. A quantitative experimental protocol was used to measure the protein permeability of the alveolar epithelium and the dissemination of the bacteria to the pleural space and circulation. The results indicate that instillation of PAK and PA103 resulted in significant lung injury. Control experiments utilizing isogenic, exoenzyme S-deficient, regulatory mutants in the infection model reduced the lung injury and the dissemination of instilled bacteria. Taken together these results suggest that alveolar epithelial injury correlated with the production of the 53-kDa form of exoenzyme S or other coordinately regulated factors.

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