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Diffusion anisotropy of cerebral ischaemia.

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Department of Radiology, Hiroshima University School of Medicine, Japan.


Focal cerebral ischemia was produced by occlusion of the middle cerebral artery with a silicone cylinder in Wistar rats. Diffusion-weighted echo-planar images (DW-EPIs) using the motion-probing gradient (MPG) method were acquired at 1-3 hours and 24-48 hours after occlusion. Apparent diffusion coefficients (ADCs) were calculated from these images in ischemic lesions and in normal unoccluded regions. Results were as follows. 1. Ischemic lesions could be detected on the DW-EPIs at 1 hour after occlusion. 2. The ADC of water in the brain tissue was smaller than that of free water as a result of restricted diffusion. 3. Anisotropic diffusion that probably can be attributed to the myelin sheath was observed in the normal deep white matter. 4. In the ischemic lesions, the ADC decreased rapidly within 1-3 hours after occlusion and then slightly further declined after 24-48 hours. In the ischemic deep white matter, diffusion anisotropy disappeared at 24-48 hours after occlusion. Diffusion-weighted imaging may have applications in the examination of pathophysiological mechanisms in cerebral ischemia by means of evaluation of ADC and diffusion anisotropy.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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