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Virus Res. 1994 Aug;33(2):179-98.

Human adenovirus type 41 contains two fibers.

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Department of Microbiology, Immunology and Parasitology, Louisiana State University Medical Center, New Orleans 70112-1393.


DNA sequencing of the subgroup F human adenovirus serotype 41 (TAK, Ad41) fiber gene revealed the presence of two adjacent open reading frames encoding information for proteins with molecular weights of 60.6 kDa and 41.4 kDa (Pieniazek, et al; Nucleic Acids Res. 18: p. 1901, 1990). In this paper, various approaches were used to characterize the two proteins and determine whether both fibers were expressed in infected cells as well as on viral particles. We initially used a reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction with primers for the short and long fiber genes to amplify mRNA from Ad41 infected HEp-2 cells at 48 h post-infection. Two distinct DNA bands; one slightly larger than 1.1 kbp and the other at about 1.7 kbp were identified. Second, we used polyclonal anti-Ad41 virion and monoclonal anti-Ad5 fiber antibodies to demonstrate that at both 24 and 36 h post-infection, Ad41 expressed two fiber proteins of the expected size. Specifically, by SDS-PAGE, one fiber (short) had a molecular weight of 40 kDa, while the other (long) had a molecular weight of 60 kDa. Third, by electron microscopy, two sizes of fibers were released from CsCl purified virions, both having a characteristic adenovirus morphology, with a knob at one end. The long fiber measured 315A in length and the short fiber was 250A long. These measurements are consistent with the two Ad41 fibers being encoded by the above open reading frames. We also performed a computer search to compare fiber sequences from other human adenovirus serotypes with that of the Ad41 short and long fiber proteins. The primary structure of both Ad41 fibers were found to be similar in that they contained tail, shaft and knob regions. Further, the tail region of both fibers (amino acids 1-42) showed a 74% overall homology to each other and contained the Ad conserved sequence NH2-F-N-P-V-Y-P-Y-COOH. An interesting difference, however, was observed in the shaft region where the long fiber (amino acids 43-389) had twenty-two 16-amino acid repeat motifs, while the short fiber (amino acids 43-233) had only twelve. Finally, we noted that the long fiber knob region was about 15% longer than that of the short fiber, and showed little overall homology. In conclusion, human adenovirus subgroup F (type 41) virions appear to differ from those of all other human adenoviruses (subgenera A-E) in that they contain two fiber genes and correspondingly, two different sized fibers.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS).

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