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Vaccine. 1994 Aug;12(10):872-4.

Efficacy of a standard human anthrax vaccine against Bacillus anthracis spore challenge in guinea-pigs.

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Bacteriology Division, United States Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases, Fort Detrick, Frederick, MD 21702-5011.


The efficacy of an anthrax vaccine licensed for human use, MDPH-PA, was tested in guinea-pigs intramuscularly challenged with 10, 100 or 1000 LD50 of spores from two virulent strains of Bacillus anthracis, Vollum 1B and Ames. As demonstrated in other investigations, immunization with MDPH-PA provided better protection against challenge with the Vollum 1B strain than with the Ames strain, although vaccine efficacy against the Ames strain was better than previously reported. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay of serum antibody titres to B. anthracis protective antigen showed that there was no significant correlation between survival and antibody titres.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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