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Psychopathology. 1994;27(1-2):43-7.

Age distribution of the melancholic type of personality (typus melancholicus) in outpatients with major depression: a comparison with a population without a history of depression.

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Department of Psychiatry, Niigata City General Hospital, Japan.


We investigated the age distribution of the typus melancholicus (TM) score, measured by Kasahara's scale, in 119 outpatients with major depression and in 600 workers without a history of depression. In the patient group, the score was, regardless of age, always constant at a high level. The TM score for the control group increased with aging and was in most age groups significantly lower than that for the patient group. This result suggests that a higher TM score on the scale would be a risk factor and a possible trait marker of major depression.

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