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Oncogene. 1994 Dec;9(12):3565-70.

The MTCP-1/c6.1B gene encodes for a cytoplasmic 8 kD protein overexpressed in T cell leukemia bearing a t(X;14) translocation.

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Laboratoire d'Hématologie Moléculaire, Hôpital Saint Louis, Paris, France.


The t(X;14)(q28;q11.2) translocation is associated with mature T-cell proliferations. Recently this translocation has been shown to implicate the MTCP-1/c6.1B gene on chromosome Xq28, leading to aberrant or overexpressed MTCP-1 transcripts. The potential coding role of this gene was made uncertain by the lack of a long open reading frame in its major transcripts. However, a short 204 bases open reading frame is potentially coding for a 68 amino-acid protein. Here, we show that this open reading frame sequence and the deduced product are well conserved in mouse. A 8 kD protein (p8), which corresponds to the predicted molecular weight was revealed in transient transfectants and in cell lines by Western blotting, using a rabbit antiserum. This product was absent in lymphoblastoid cell lines with deletions of the MTCP-1/c6.1B locus. A dramatic overexpression of p8 was found in leukemic cells from a patient with a t(X;14). This small protein was localized in the cytoplasm by immunofluorescence. In conclusion, MTCP-1 encodes for a cytoplasmic 8 kD product. Its potential role in leukemogenesis is supported by its overexpression in leukemia with t(X;14), but its function remains unknown.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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