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Oncogene. 1994 Dec;9(12):3519-26.

The regulation of endothelial cell motility by p21 ras.

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1
Department of Cell Biology, Cleveland Clinic Research Institute, Ohio 44195.

Abstract

Directed endothelial cell (EC) movement is required for the development and repair of blood vessels and plays a critical role in angiogenic processes obligatory for large tumor formation. We now report that ras proteins have a critical role in regulation of movement of normal mammalian cells. Bovine aortic EC microinjected with oncogenic Ha-ras enter further into an artificial wound than uninjected cells. Treatment with oncogenic Ha-ras also converts the cell paths from nearly linear in control cells to apparent 'random-walk' trajectories in treated cells, suggesting that oncogenic ras alters the normal control processes regulating cell motility. Botulinum toxin C blocks ras-stimulated motility indicating that a member of the p21 rho family is a downstream participant in the motile pathway. In related experiments we have observed that microinjection of the neutralizing, ras-specific, Y13-259 monoclonal antibody completely blocks both basal and basic fibroblast growth factor-stimulated movement of aortic EC. Y13-259 blocks the initiation of EC movement, as well as the continued progress of cells already in motion, suggesting that ras activity is continuously required throughout the motile process. Together these data indicate that ras is an integral component of the signaling pathway regulating cell movement.

PMID:
7970712
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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