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Mol Biochem Parasitol. 1994 Jun;65(2):317-30.

A gene family encoding heterogeneous histone H1 proteins in Trypanosoma cruzi.

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Department of Medical Genetics, Biomedical Center, Uppsala, Sweden.


A gene family encoding a set of histone H1 proteins in Trypanosoma cruzi is described. The sequence of 3 genomic and 4 cDNA clones revealed the presence of several motifs characteristic of histone H1, although heterogeneity at the polypeptide level was evident. The clones encode histone H1 proteins of an unusually small size (74-97 amino acids), which lack the globular domain found in histone H1 of higher eukaryotes. All histone H1 mRNAs from T. cruzi are polyadenylated, although no typical polyadenylation signal was found. Furthermore, the genes encoding the histone H1 proteins in T. cruzi are found in a tandem array containing 15-20 gene copies per haploid genome. This tandem array is located on a large chromosome of 2.2 Mb.

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