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Kidney Int. 1994 Aug;46(2):496-503.

A randomized multicenter clinical trial comparing isosmolar icodextrin with hyperosmolar glucose solutions in CAPD. MIDAS Study Group. Multicenter Investigation of Icodextrin in Ambulatory Peritoneal Dialysis.

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1
Institute of Nephrology, Cardiff Royal Infirmary, Wales, United Kingdom.

Abstract

The osmotic effectiveness of a large molecular weight glucose polymer fraction (Icodextrin) as a novel "colloid" osmotic agent in peritoneal dialysis was established, but the long-term safety remained undetermined. A randomized, controlled multicenter investigation of Icodextrin in ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (MIDAS) was undertaken to evaluate the long-term safety and efficacy by comparing daily overnight (8 to 12 hr dwell) use of isosmolar Icodextrin (282 mOsm/kg) with conventional 1.36% (346 mOsm/kg) and 3.86% (484 mOsm/kg) glucose exchanges over six months. Two hundred and nine patients were randomized from 11 centers, with 106 allocated to receive Icodextrin (D) and 103 to remain on glucose (control group; C); 138 patients completed the six month study (71 C, 67 D). All patients were divided into weak (1.36%) or strong (3.86%) subgroups based on their use of glucose solutions overnight during the pretreatment baseline period. The mean (+/- SEM) overnight ultrafiltration (UF) with D was 3.5 times greater than 1.36% glucose at eight hours [527 +/- 36 vs. 150 +/- 47 ml; 95% confidence interval (CI) for the difference +257 to +497 ml; P < 0.0001] and 5.5 times greater at 12 hours (561 +/- 44 vs. 101 +/- 48 ml, 95% CI for the difference +329 to +590; P < 0.0001) and no different from that of 3.86% glucose at eight hours (510 +/- 48 vs. 448 +/- 60 ml, 95% CI for the difference -102 to +226 ml; P = 0.44) and at 12 hours (552 +/- 44 vs. 414 +/- 78 ml, 95% CI for the difference -47 to +325 ml; P = 0.06).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS).

PMID:
7967363
DOI:
10.1038/ki.1994.300
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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