Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Virol. 1994 Dec;68(12):8401-5.

Integrase mutants of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 with a specific defect in integration.

Author information

Division of Human Retrovirology, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, Massachusetts 02115.


A previous genetic analysis of the human immunodeficiency virus type 1 integrase protein failed to identify single amino acid substitutions that only block the integration of viral DNA (C.-G. Shin, B. Taddeo, W.A. Haseltine, and C.M. Farnet, J. Virol. 68:1633-1642, 1994). Additional substitutions of amino acids that are highly conserved among retroviral integrases were constructed in human immunodeficiency virus type 1 and analyzed for their effects on viral protein synthesis and processing, virion morphology, and viral DNA synthesis and integration in an attempt to identify mutants with a specific defect in integration. Four single amino acid substitutions resulted in replication defective viruses. Conservative, single amino acid substitutions of the two invariant aspartic acid residues found in all retroviral integrases prevented the integration of viral DNA and had no detectable effect on the other stages in the viral replication cycle, indicating that these mutants exhibited a specific defect in integration. Mutations at two positions, S-81 and P-109, blocked the integration of viral DNA but also resulted in the production of viral particles that exhibited reduced reverse transcriptase activity, suggesting additional defects in viral replication. Substitution of the highly conserved amino acid T66 had no effect on viral replication in a CD4+ human T-cell line. This analysis extends the range of possible phenotypes that may be produced by single amino acid substitutions in conserved residues of the integrase protein.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Support Center