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J Infect Dis. 1994 Nov;170(5):1201-8.

Cytokine response to respiratory syncytial virus stimulation of human peripheral blood mononuclear cells.

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Division of Viral and Rickettsial Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333.


A key impediment to developing respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) vaccines is a lack of understanding of enhanced disease that occurred in children who received a formalin-inactivated RSV (FI-RSV) vaccine. Studies in mice have suggested that the FI-RSV vaccine induces a TH2 and live RSV induces a TH1 memory T cell response. In this study, the cytokine mRNA response of peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) from adults and children with and without previous RSV infection was characterized using a semiquantitative polymerase chain reaction (PCR). PBMC from 22 subjects previously infected with RSV usually had RSV-specific increases in TH1 cytokine-specific mRNA (interferon-gamma [IFN-gamma] mRNA, 20; interleukin [IL]-2 mRNA, 12; IL-5 mRNA, 6; and IL-4 mRNA, 0). PBMC from RSV antibody-negative children had no RSV-specific increases in IFN-gamma, IL-2, or IL-4 mRNA; 1 of 7 had an increase in IL-5 mRNA. These data indicate that naturally acquired RSV induces a TH1 memory T cell response.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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