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J Hosp Infect. 1994 Jul;27(3):179-86.

Enterococcal bacteraemia: a prospective study of 125 episodes.

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1
Department of Microbiology, Royal Victoria Infirmary, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK.

Abstract

One hundred and twenty-five episodes of enterococcal bacteraemia occurring over a 50-month period were studied prospectively. Enterococcus faecium was the commonest species, accounting for 76 (59.8%) of the 127 isolates. Overall, 33.1% of isolates were resistant to ampicillin and one isolate (0.8%) to vancomycin; high-level gentamicin resistance was detected in 4.3% of 93 isolates tested. The percentage of nosocomial episodes was 70.4, and 95.2% of the patients had significant underlying illness. Central venous catheters (CVCs) were the commonest source of infection. Eighty-four per cent of episodes were ultimately treated with appropriate antibiotics. The overall mortality rate was 17.6%, and that directly attributable to infection was 8.0%. An increased mortality rate was observed in intensive care and neonatal unit patients, and in patients who had received antimicrobial therapy in the 2 weeks prior to enterococcemia. CVC-related infections were associated with a reduced mortality. No other clinical or microbiological factors were found to influence outcome.

PMID:
7963458
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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