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J Acoust Soc Am. 1994 Sep;96(3):1471-8.

Effect of compression ratio in a slow-acting compression hearing aid: paired-comparison judgments of quality.

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Center for Research in Speech and Hearing Sciences, Graduate School, City University of New York, New York 10036.


Paired-comparison judgments of quality were obtained from 20 hearing-impaired listeners (half with a small dynamic range and half with a large dynamic range) for speech-in-noise (vent, apartment, and cafeteria) processed through a slow-acting compression hearing aid. Compression ratio was varied (1, 1.5, 2, 3, 5, and 10:1). Compression threshold, attack time, and release time were fixed. Sound quality judgments were significantly affected by compression ratio, noise, and dynamic range. Preference decreased with increasing compression ratio. The selection of compression ratio. The selection of compression ratios < or = 2:1 was significantly higher than of compression ratios > 3:1. Less compression (no compression or 1.5:1) was preferred with the highest level noise (cafeteria noise) than with the lower level noises (vent or apartment). In particular, the small dynamic range group preferred compression with the vent and apartment noises (noise below the compression threshold), but preferred a linear hearing aid with the cafeteria noise (above the compression threshold). The large dynamic range group showed a slightly greater preference for the linear hearing aid for all three noises.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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