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J Biochem. 1994 May;115(5):830-2.

Effects of unusual polyamines on phenylalanyl-tRNA formation.

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Department of Life Science, Tokyo Institute of Technology, Yokohama.


The effects of novel polyamines on aminoacyl-tRNA formation catalyzed by Escherichia coli., Sulfolobus acidocaldarius, and Thermus thermophilus HB8 S-100 extracts were investigated. These effects were diverse and differed depending on the amino acid and the enzyme used. A quaternary polyamine, tetrakis(3-aminopropyl)ammonium, inhibited phenylalanyl-tRNA synthesis catalyzed by the T. thermophilus extract, but not inhibit the other aminoacyl-tRNA formations tested. The inhibition was observed in hybrid reactions where the thermophile tRNA or extract was replaced by its E. coli counterpart, although the quaternary amine did not inhibit Phe-tRNA formation by the E. coli homologous system. Spermine relieved the inhibition of the reaction of thermophile enzyme and tRNA, but not the inhibition of the hybrid reactions. These results suggest that the branched polyamine interacts with both the thermophile enzyme and tRNA(Phe).

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