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J Antimicrob Chemother. 1994 Jul;34(1):83-92.

The postantibiotic effect of antifungal agents against common pathogenic yeasts.

Author information

1
Department of Infectious Diseases and Microbiology, Monash Medical Centre, Clayton, Victoria, Australia.

Abstract

A total of ten strains of Candida spp. and Cryptococcus neoformans were examined for the presence of the postantibiotic effect (PAE) after 0.5-2 h exposure to amphotericin B, 5-fluorocytosine, miconazole and ketoconazole. Significant PAEs were observed for amphotericin B and 5-fluorocytosine, but none for the imidazoles. The duration of the PAEs of amphotericin B ranged from 0.5-10.4 h for the Candida spp. and 2.8-10.6 h for the cryptococcos, while 5-fluorocytosine induced PAEs from 0.8-7.4 h and 2.4-5.4 h, respectively. Even though no PAEs were demonstrated for the imidazoles, the growth rate was persistently reduced by continuous exposure to concentrations as low as 1/1000 of the MIC of these agents. These findings may have implications for dosing antifungal agents in systemic yeast infections.

PMID:
7961219
DOI:
10.1093/jac/34.1.83
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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