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J Appl Bacteriol. 1994 Aug;77(2):185-94.

Variations in concentrations of bacterial metabolites, enzyme activities, moisture, pH and bacterial composition between and within individuals in faeces of seven healthy adults.

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Calpis Intestinal Flora Laboratory, Kanagawa, Japan.


Variations between and within individuals, and correlations between concentrations of bacterial metabolites, including putrefactive products, ammonia and short chain fatty acids (SCFAs), enzyme activities, moisture and pH, as well as bacterial composition, were studied in faecal samples from seven healthy adults over a period of 7 months. Large variations, both between and within individuals, were observed in concentrations of putrefactive products. Although values for ammonia, SCFAs, enzyme activities, moisture and pH were generally variable, significant person-to-person differences were observed. While ranges of log viable counts of the predominant bacteria such as eubacteria, bifidobacteria and bacteroides in each subject remained between 0.2 and 1.3, those of enterobacteria, streptococci (including enterococci) and lecithinase-negative clostridia varied between 0.4 and 3.0. Levels of bifidobacteria, enterobacteria, streptococci and total aerobic bacteria showed inter-individual variations. Correlations were found among certain of the parameters: moisture correlated negatively with p-cresol (r = -0.707), pH (r = -0.671) and beta-glucosidase activity (GS) (r = -0.608), and positively with acetic acid (r = 0.621), while negative correlations were observed in pH with acetic and butyric acids (r = -0.690 and -0.623, respectively). No significant correlations were found between bacterial compositions, and other faecal factors such as pH, moisture, metabolic enzyme activities and concentrations of putrefactive products.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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