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Gynecol Oncol. 1994 Oct;55(1):60-5.

Colorectal anastomosis on a gynecologic oncology service.

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Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of South Florida, Tampa 33606.


This is an evaluation of our experience with colorectal reanastomosis on a gynecologic oncology service. A retrospective review was carried out on all patients who underwent colorectal resection and reanastomosis on the gynecologic oncology service from October 1, 1987 to September 30, 1992. Thirty-nine procedures were performed: Nine patients underwent sigmoidectomy alone, 20 also underwent cytoreduction, and 10 also underwent exenteration. Thirty-eight percent of the patients had undergone prior radiotherapy. The level of anastomosis above the anal verge was 3-5 cm in 9 patients, 6-9 cm in 20 patients, and 10-14 cm in 10 patients. Sixteen had a protective colostomy which included 13 of the 15 patients with prior radiotherapy. Thirteen of the protective colostomies were taken down, although three of these required a second permanent colostomy. Three other patients required colostomy at a later date, one of whom developed a rectovaginal fistula 10 days following exenteration for postradiation recurrent carcinoma of the cervix. A total of 30 of the 37 evaluable patients (81%) had an ultimately functional colorectal reanastomosis. Problems related to colorectal function included stricture (4), fistula (4), chronic diarrhea (3), tenesmus (1), and fecal incontinence (1). Colorectal anastomosis is a worthwhile endeavor in selected patients with gynecologic cancer.

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