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Graefes Arch Clin Exp Ophthalmol. 1994 Sep;232(9):516-22.

Normal visual fields measured with Octopus-Program G1. II. Global visual field indices.

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Yale Eye Center, New Haven, CT 06510-8061.


To complement results from individual test locations, clinicians also evaluate indices, as they give a succinct overview of the visual field. This, however, requires exact knowledge of their variability. The present study was designed to determine normal interindividual variability of global visual field indices and incorporates a data base of a multicenter study performed with Octopus 201 perimeters using Program G1. The 824 fields thus obtained included 139 fields of 139 healthy volunteers who had undergone two previous visual fields and completed all three phases of program G1. The index mean sensitivity showed a significant and linear decrease with increasing age, 0.064 dB/year of life. The indices loss variance, corrected loss variance, and short-term fluctuation did not correlate significantly with age. Percentiles are given for these visual field indices. While within the limits of normal values provided by the manufacturer for these indices, these results suggest that visual fields with "borderline" values require further clinical investigation in reliable, experienced subjects. The results may help clinicians to better evaluate global visual field indices and, therefore, to detect loss of visual function earlier.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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