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Eur J Clin Pharmacol. 1994;46(5):421-5.

Growth hormone-releasing activity of hexarelin in humans. A dose-response study.

Author information

1
Medical Department, Mediolanum Farmaceutici, Milan, Italy.

Abstract

Hexarelin is a new hexapeptide (His-D-2-methyl-Trp-Ala-Trp-D-Phe-Lys-NH2) that stimulates the release of growth hormone both in vitro and in vivo. In this double-blind, placebo-controlled, rising-dose study we evaluated the growth hormone releasing activity of hexarelin in healthy human subjects. Twelve adult male volunteers received single intravenous boluses of 0.5, 1 and 2.micrograms.kg-1 hexarelin as well as placebo. For safety, drug doses were given in a rising-dose fashion with placebo randomly inserted into the sequence. Plasma growth hormone concentrations increased dose-dependently after the injection of the peptide, peaking at about 30 min and then decreasing to baseline values within 240 min with a half-life of about 55 min. The mean peak plasma growth hormone concentrations (Cmax) were 3.9, 26.9, 52.3, 55.0 ng.ml-1 after 0, 0.5, 1 and 2 micrograms.kg-1, respectively. The corresponding areas under the curve of growth hormone plasma levels from drug injection to 180 min (AUC0-180) were 0.135, 1.412, 2.918 and 3.695 micrograms.min.ml-1. The theoretical maximum response (Emax) and the dose that produces half of the maximum response (ED50) were estimated using logistic regression. The calculated ED50 values were 0.50 and 0.64 microgram.kg-1 for Cmax and AUC0-180, respectively. The corresponding Emaxs were 55.1 ng.ml-1 and 3936 ng.min.ml-1, thus indicating that the effect after the 2 micrograms.kg-1 dose is very close to the maximal response.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS).

PMID:
7957536
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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