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EMBO J. 1994 Oct 17;13(20):4896-907.

The functioning of the yeast Golgi apparatus requires an ER protein encoded by ANP1, a member of a new family of genes affecting the secretory pathway.

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MRC Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Cambridge, UK.


Mnt1p is an alpha 1.2-mannosyltransferase which resides in an early compartment of the Saccharomyces cerevisiae Golgi apparatus. We have shown that the signal-anchor region is sufficient, and the transmembrane domain necessary, for its normal Golgi localization. This is similar to the transmembrane domain-mediated retention of mammalian glycosyltransferases, and distinct from the tail-mediated recycling retention of certain mammalian and yeast trans-Golgi proteins. To examine the mechanism involved in transmembrane domain-mediated retention, we have isolated six classes of mutants which fail to retain Mnt1p-reporter fusions in the early Golgi. These mutants all show additional phenotypes which are consistent with alterations in Golgi function. We have called the mutant classes 'gem', for Golgi enzyme maintenance. GEM3 is identical to the previously cloned gene ANP1, and homologous to VAN1 and MNN9. Together, these define a new class of proteins involved in the organization and functioning of the secretory pathway. Interestingly, Anp1p is localized to the endoplasmic reticulum (ER), implying that some function of the ER is required to maintain a functional Golgi apparatus.

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