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Carcinogenesis. 1994 Nov;15(11):2475-8.

Reaction of Cr(VI) with ascorbate and hydrogen peroxide generates hydroxyl radicals and causes DNA damage: role of a Cr(IV)-mediated Fenton-like reaction.

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Laboratory of Experimental Pathology, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, MD 20892.


Incubation of Cr(VI) with ascorbate generated Cr(V), Cr(IV) and ascorbate-derived carbon-centered alkyl radicals, as well as formyl radicals. H2O2 caused generation of hydroxyl radicals (OH) and much higher levels of Cr(V), showing that .OH can be generated via a Cr(IV)-mediated Fenton-like reaction (Cr(IV) + H2O2-->Cr(V) + .OH + OH-). 1,10-Phenanthroline and deferoxamine inhibited the formation of both .OH and Cr(V) from the reaction of Cr(VI) with ascorbate in the presence of H2O2. Electrophoretic assays showed that ascorbate-derived free radicals caused DNA double-strand breaks. .OH radicals generated by Cr(V)- and Cr(IV)-mediated Fenton-like reactions also caused DNA double-strand breaks. HPLC measurements showed that .OH radicals generated by Cr(IV) and Cr(V) from H2O2 caused 2'-deoxyguanine hydroxylation to form 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanine.

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