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Carcinogenesis. 1994 Nov;15(11):2439-43.

Alteration in expression of gap junction proteins in rat liver after treatment with the tumour promoter 3,4,5,3',4'-pentachlorobiphenyl.

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1
Institute of Environmental Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.

Abstract

Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) are industrial chemicals which are highly persistent and widely distributed in the environment. We have previously shown that 3,4,5,3',4'-pentachlorobiphenyl (PCB 126) is a potent tumour promoter in two separate 20 week initiation-promotion studies. In the present study, rat livers from these two studies were further investigated for connexin expression. The results demonstrated that treatment with PCB 126 caused a decrease in the amount of the two major liver connexins, cx 26 and cx 32, in livers of treated animals. This reduction was also prominent after treatment at low doses, although gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase-positive foci had not developed in these livers. The quantity of cx 26 and cx 32 in immunostained liver sections was determined using a computerized fluorescence image analyzer. Western blot analysis of liver extracts confirmed these results. No changes in the RNA levels in the treated rats were seen, suggesting that the down-regulation of cx 26 and cx 32 is post-transcriptional.

PMID:
7955088
DOI:
10.1093/carcin/15.11.2439
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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