Send to

Choose Destination
Hippocampus. 1994 Apr;4(2):167-80.

Somatostatin-immunoreactivity in the hippocampus of mouse, rat, guinea pig, and rabbit.

Author information

Department of Physiology and Biophysics, University of Washington, Seattle 98195.


The hippocampi of species commonly used for in vitro physiologic studies were examined to determine if there were species-specific and regional differences in somatostatin immunoreactivity. The distributions of somatostatin-immunoreactive somata and fiber plexuses were determined, and the concentration of somatostatin along the septotemporal axis of the hippocampus was measured using a radioimmunoassay. There are many similarities in the patterns of somatostatin immunoreactivity in the hippocampi of mice, rats, guinea pigs, and rabbits. All species had a relatively even distribution of somatostatin-positive perikarya across three fields of the hippocampus (dentate gyrus, CA3, and CA1-2), a similar distribution of somatostatin-immunoreactive perikarya across the strata of the CA1-2 field and the dentate gyrus; and more somatostatin-positive cells in temporal than in septal hippocampus. However, there are species-specific differences in the distribution of somatostatin-immunoreactive perikarya across the strata of CA3. In addition, unlike the other species examined, mice appeared not to have a somatostatin-immunoreactive fiber plexus in the molecular layer of the dentate gyrus. The functional significance of these differences remains to be determined.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Wiley
Loading ...
Support Center