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Hum Mol Genet. 1994 Jun;3(6):897-901.

TXK, a novel human tyrosine kinase expressed in T cells shares sequence identity with Tec family kinases and maps to 4p12.

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  • 1Department of Pediatrics, University of South Florida, All Children's Hospital, St Petersburg 33701.


A gene for a novel, putative cytoplasmic tyrosine kinase, TXK has been isolated from a human peripheral blood cDNA library. The complete nucleotide sequence of the cDNA indicates that it is related most closely to EMT, a tyrosine kinase of T cells and to the B-cell tyrosine kinase Btk, which is mutated in X-linked agammaglobulinemia (XLA) in humans and X-linked immunodeficiency disease (XID) in mouse. TXK, like BTK, is a member of the Tec sub-family of Src-type (non-receptor) tyrosine kinases. Like similar Tec sub-family members, and unlike the other Src kinases, TXK lacks both the N-terminal myristylation signal and the C-terminal regulatory tyrosine. TXK expression is detected primarily in T cells and some myeloid cell lines but not in a number of other cell types. TXK shares 60% amino acid homology with EMT and 57% with BTK over the SH3, SH2 (Src-homology) and catalytic domains but unlike BTK, EMT and tec, it lacks Gap 1 homology and steroid hormone receptor homology in the N-terminal region. Genomic clones containing TXK have been isolated and hybridize to chromosome position 4p12.

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