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Bone Marrow Transplant. 1994 Jul;14(1):37-46.

Comparison of auto versus allografting as consolidation of primary treatments in advanced neuroblastoma over one year of age at diagnosis: report from the European Group for Bone Marrow Transplantation.

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  • 1Coordinating Center of the European Bone Marrow Transplantation Solid Tumor Working Party (EBMT-STWP), Centre Léon Bérard, Lyon, France.


A case control study was performed to investigate the potential advantage of allogeneic bone marrow transplantation in advanced or poorly responding neuroblastoma first remission patients using the European BMT Solid Tumor Registry. Seventeen allogeneic and 34 autologous bone marrow transplantation (BMT) cases were matched based on a number of prognostic factors including age, sex, prior treatment duration, pre-graft response status and bone and BM involvement before BMT. Only single BMT procedures are included. The median age at diagnosis was 47 months (range 18-113 months). The median follow-up time since BMT is 58 months (range 13-133 months). The only significant prognostic factor within the allogeneic BMT (p = 0.012) and autologous BMT groups (p = 0.025) was residual skeletal disease before BMT, detected by mIBG in 86% of the cases. However, the progression-free survival was not significantly different: 35% and 41% at 2 years, respectively. Only half of the allogeneic BMT patients had developed graft-versus-host disease (GVHD): 7 of 9 grade I-II and only 2 of 9 grade IV. The median donor age was very young with 74 months (range 20-240 months) and 10 of 17 were sex matched. Thus absence of GVHD risk factors in young children could be the major obstacle in achieving an anti-tumor effect with allogeneic BMT in neuroblastoma.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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