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Breast Cancer Res Treat. 1994;30(1):103-11.

Arimidex: a potent and selective fourth-generation aromatase inhibitor.

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Zeneca Pharmaceuticals Group, Zeneca Inc., Wilmington, Delaware 19897.


Arimidex is a potent and selective aromatase inhibitor undergoing evaluation as a treatment for postmenopausal women with advanced breast cancer. Studies to determine the pharmacology of Arimidex were conducted in both animals and humans. In animals, Arimidex was selective for the aromatase enzyme, elicited maximal activity at about 0.1 mg/kg, did not interfere with steroid hormones produced by the adrenal glands, and, at a dose of 1 mg/kg, had no detectable pharmacologic activity other than aromatase inhibition. Absorption of ZD1033, the active component of Arimidex, was rapid and virtually complete after oral administration to animals. ZD1033 was extensively metabolized in animals after oral administration; the metabolites were excreted predominantly in urine. The pharmacodynamic, pharmacokinetic, and safety profiles of single and multiple daily doses of Arimidex were determined in humans. Doses of 1 to 10 mg of Arimidex suppressed estradiol to the maximum degree measurable. Arimidex had no clinically significant effects on key enzymes that regulate cortisol and aldosterone biosynthesis. Absorption of ZD1033 was rapid, with maximum plasma concentrations occurring within 2 hours after oral administration. Plasma concentrations of ZD1033 rose with increasing doses of Arimidex. The elimination half-life of ZD1033 in humans ranged from 30 to 60 hours. Urinary excretion accounted for a small percentage of each dose. A 3- to 4-fold accumulation of ZD1033 in plasma occurred after daily administration of 3-, 5-, or 10-mg doses. Arimidex was well tolerated. Phase III studies are under way to determine the efficacy and safety of Arimidex in postmenopausal women with advanced breast cancer.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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