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J Adolesc Health. 1994 Jul;15(5):396-9.

Incentives enhance postpartum compliance among adolescent prenatal patients.

Author information

1
Division of Adolescent Medicine, School of Nursing, University of Colorado Health Science Center, Denver.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To test the hypothesis that incentives enhance compliance with postpartum appointments.

METHOD:

We studied a multiracial group of 240, poor, 12-to-19 year olds. At 34 weeks gestation consecutively enrolled patients were randomized to incentive and non-incentive groups. Patients in the incentive group were told that they would receive a Gerry "Cuddler" if they returned for an examination within 12 weeks of delivery. The groups were compared with Student's t-tests and chi-square and logistic regression analyses.

RESULTS:

We found no significant group differences in age, race, Medicaid status, gravidity, parity, the timing of the first prenatal visit, compliance with prenatal appointments, or well-baby care site. One hundred and seventy-five (73%) of the 240 patients returned for a postpartum examination. Patients randomized to the incentive group were significantly more likely to return for an examination within 12 weeks of delivery (82.4% vs. 65.2%, chi 2 = 9.0; p = .003). The logistic regression analysis revealed that in addition to membership in the incentive group, three characteristics were significantly associated with postpartum compliance: primiparity, compliance with prenatal care, and school enrollment.

CONCLUSIONS:

Among adolescents who obtained prenatal care in a multidisciplinary adolescent-oriented maternity program, the offer of an incentive significantly improved compliance with the 6-week postpartum appointment. Since other factors associated with improved postpartum compliance are less amenable to change we recommend that health care providers consider offering a postpartum incentive, especially to their multiparous adolescent patients who are not enrolled in school and/or are non-compliant with prenatal appointments.

PMID:
7947854
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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