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Biochemistry. 1994 Nov 29;33(47):14197-206.

Interactions of human replication protein A with oligonucleotides.

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Department of Biochemistry, University of Iowa College of Medicine, Iowa City 52242.


Replication protein A (RPA) is a heterotrimeric, single-stranded DNA binding protein that is essential for eukaryotic DNA replication. In order to gain a better understanding of the interactions between RPA and DNA, we have examined the interactions of human RPA with single-stranded oligonucleotides. Our analysis of RPA.DNA complexes demonstrated that RPA binds as a heterotrimer. Stoichiometric binding reactions monitored by fluorescence quenching indicated that the binding site size of human RPA is 30 nucleotides and that between 20-30 nucleotides of DNA directly interact with RPA. The binding of RPA to DNA of different lengths was systematically examined using deoxythymidine-containing oligonucleotides. We found that the binding affinity of RPA for short oligonucleotides was length dependent. The apparent association constant of RPA varied over 200-fold from approximately 7 x 10(7) M-1 for oligo(dT)10 to approximately 1.5 x 10(10) M-1 for oligo(dT)50. Human RPA binds to oligonucleotides with low cooperativity; the cooperativity parameter (omega) for RPA binding was estimated to be approximately 15.

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