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Biochemistry. 1994 Nov 29;33(47):14049-57.

Mutations to amino acids located in predicted transmembrane segment 6 (TM6) modulate the activity and substrate specificity of human P-glycoprotein.

Author information

1
Department of Medicine, University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Abstract

Site-directed mutagenesis was used to investigate whether amino acids located in the predicted transmembrane segment, TM6 (residues 330-351), of human P-glycoprotein play essential roles in drug transport. Mutant cDNAs were expressed in mouse NIH 3T3 cells and analyzed with respect to their ability to confer resistance to cytotoxic drugs. Four mutations were found to strongly alter the drug resistance profile conferred by P-glycoprotein. Mutation of Val338 to Ala resulted in a mutant P-glycoprotein which conferred enhanced resistance to colchicine and reduced relative resistance to vinblastine. By contrast, mutant Gly341 to Val conferred little resistance to colchicine or doxorubicin, while its ability to confer resistance to vinblastine or actinomycin D was retained. A reduction in the ability of P-glycoprotein to confer resistance to all four drugs was observed for mutant Ala342 to Leu. Mutation of Ser344 to Ala, Thr, Cys, or Tyr resulted in mutant P-glycoproteins which were unable to confer drug resistance. Photolabeling of P-glycoprotein with azidopine in the presence of varying amounts of vinblastine showed that mutation of Ser344 to Tyr required approximately 15-fold more vinblastine to inhibit photolabeling when compared to wild-type enzyme. All of the Ser344 mutants were found to have reduced drug-stimulated ATPase activity relative to wild-type enzyme. These results, together with our previous demonstration that changes to Phe335 affected dissociation of vinblastine, suggest that TM6 may play an important role in drug--protein interaction and coupling of drug binding to ATPase activity.

PMID:
7947814
DOI:
10.1021/bi00251a013
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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