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J Dermatol Sci. 1994 Aug;8(1):1-10.

Staphylococcus aureus infection on experimental croton oil-inflamed skin in mice.

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Department of Dermatology, Okayama University Medical School, Japan.


Staphylococcus aureus cells were inoculated on the surface of skin inflamed by application of croton oil in cyclophosphamide-treated mice. Skin specimens were taken at 1, 3, 6, 12, and 24 h inoculation and each specimen was examined by microscopy. The S. aureus cells which attached to the surface of the skin immediately after inoculation had invaded the horny layer within 1 h. The cells gradually penetrated deeper into the epidermis. Electron microscopy revealed fibril-like structures around the S. aureus cells and the cells which adhered to the horny layer and fibrin by means of Ruthenium red-positive, fibril-like structures. A combined application of 0.1% gentamicin ointment, 2% fusidic acid ointment, and clobetasol propionate ointment was more effective in decreasing the number of S. aureus cells in the lesions than was an application of clobetasol propionate ointment alone. However, a combined application of 0.1% gentamicin ointment and 2% fusidic acid ointment without clobetasol propionate ointment showed almost the same efficacy as that with clobetasol propionate ointment. Although povidone iodine killed S. aureus in vitro at a concentration of 0.01% (100 micrograms/ml) in 40 s, its in vivo efficacy was limited.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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