Send to

Choose Destination
Br J Haematol. 1994 Jun;87(2):243-50.

Involvement of interferon-gamma and macrophage colony-stimulating factor in pathogenesis of haemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis in adults.

Author information

Department of Haematology, Harasanshin General Hospital, Japan.


We investigated the role of monocyte/macrophage-activating cytokines in pathogenesis of haemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) in 21 adult patients. Sera from patients with active HLH contained extremely high levels of macrophage colony-stimulating factor (M-CSF) and of interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma). These levels returned to almost normal during remission. Neither interleukin-4 nor granulocyte/macrophage colony-stimulating factor could be detected. Active HLH sera also contained high concentrations of inflammatory monokines, such as interleukin-6 (IL-6) and tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha). Serum concentrations of soluble CD8 and soluble interleukin-2 receptor were extremely high during active HLH, and returned to virtually normal levels during remission. Circulating CD2+ T-cells obtained from patients with active HLH spontaneously secreted M-CSF and IFN-gamma in vitro, whereas circulating monocytes did not produce detectable levels of both M-CSF and IFN-gamma, but produced high levels of IL-6 and TNF-alpha. These findings suggest that IFN-gamma and M-CSF at least partly from T-cells, such as CD8+ T-cells, might contribute to activation of monocytes or histiocytes, resulting in the up-regulated monokine production and haemophagocytosis in HLH.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Wiley
Loading ...
Support Center