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Behav Brain Res. 1994 Jun 30;62(2):135-41.

Scopolamine induces recovery of shuttle box avoidance behavior after frontal cortex ablation.

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Cajal Institute [CSIC], Madrid, Spain.


The learning and reversal of shuttle box active avoidance behavior in animals with a bilateral frontal cortex ablation was investigated during and after scopolamine or pilocarpine treatment. Scopolamine facilitated the performance of the avoidance task in normal animals and in those with frontal cortex lesions and also increased the number of intertrial responses, while pilocarpine increased the deleterious effects of the lesions. Furthermore, in the absence of scopolamine, the animals previously treated with the drug showed that its beneficial effects persisted while the number of intertrial responses were no longer increased. The results indicate that the beneficial effects of scopolamine treatment on active avoidance behavior are independent from the effects observed on intertrial activity since only the former are observed after drug withdrawal. Therefore, scopolamine treatment seems to induce a long lasting recovery process in frontal cortex ablated animals.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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