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Crit Rev Toxicol. 1994;24(3):255-80.

Transgenic animal models for measuring mutations in vivo.

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SRI International, Toxicology Laboratory, Menlo Park, CA 94025-3493.


Transgenic animal models for measuring mutations provide a powerful tool for rapidly assessing tissue-specific mutations following in vivo treatment. These models are based on the insertion into the rodent genome of the Escherichia coli lacI (lac repressor) or lacZ (beta-galactosidase) genes that serve as targets for mutations. Following in vivo treatment of animals, genomic DNA is isolated from various tissues and the target gene is packaged into lambda-phage heads; the lambda-phage are used to infect E. coli in order to produce plaques. Mutations in the target gene are then detected using colorimetric or selective procedures. In this review methods are discussed for producing these transgenic models, the target genes used, gene rescue techniques, sequencing of isolated mutants, and parameters that affect dosing regimens and design of studies. We also present a summary of data published to date with these systems and present our conclusions and proposed directions for future research.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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