Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Arzneimittelforschung. 1994 Jul;44(7):844-9.

[The adverse effects of dark sulfonated shale oil following local and systemic administration].

[Article in German]

Author information

  • 1Ichthyol-Gesellschaft Cordes, Hermanni & Co., Hannover.


Ichthyol (Ammoniumbituminosulfonat DAB, dark sulfonated shale oil, CAS 8029-68-3) is used for the treatment of inflammatory skin diseases and rheumatic diseases and blunt traumata. The studies conducted were carried out to obtain information on the risk following dermal and oral application of dark sulfonated shale oil. Corresponding to the administration route envisaged for man the drug was applied by topical and systemic administration. Studies were conducted on the acute, subacute and chronic toxicity, local tolerance, and the teratogenic, mutagenic and carcinogenic potential. Dark sulfonated shale oil was found to be well tolerated whether administered for a short period or over a long time. There were no indications for a teratogenic, mutagenic or carcinogenic effect. The therapeutic index (ratio of the toxic dose in animals and the therapeutic human dose) for topical administration of dark sulfonated shale oil is > 7 depending on animal species, frequency of administration, dose-level employed and the toxicological question posed. The results of the toxicological studies coincide with more than 110 years of experience that the drug is well-tolerated by man.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Loading ...
    Support Center